The workers of the sharing economy

European identikit. Italy first, with women from the south in the 30-40 age group
The workers of the sharing economy
15 May 09:34 2018 Print This Article


They are called crowd workers and are the result of the technologization and digitalization of the labor market. The Feps (Foundation for European Progressive Studies) studied the phenomenon of crowd workers and produced a report that considered the phenomenon in seven European countries: Italy, Germany, the United Kingdom, Sweden, the Netherlands, Austria and Switzerland. Italy has the largest number of workers in this sector. Crowd working is a definition that includes all those jobs that involve disintermediation of work relationships, space and time and which can hardly be classified as employees or self-employed. The classic “crowd” job is, for example, the one offered by food delivery companies Foodora or Deliveroo. With crowd working you work when you want, for how long you want. “Sector” workers are those who earn at least 50% of their salary from these new types of profession. Italy is the country with the highest percentage of crowd workers: 5.1% of all workers. This is 2 million 190 thousand people. After Italy there is Switzerland with 3.5%. In the United Kingdom, third in the ranking, and Germany, fourth, are respectively 1 million and 330 thousand (2.7%) and 1 million and 450 thousand (2.5%). In Italy, crowd working is not uniformly distributed. Despite the scarcity of digital infrastructures, and the low use of Internet in southern Italy, crowd works are more widespread in the South. More than 25% of the working population have done this work, particularly in Puglia, Calabria and Campania. At the center is between 15% and 20% of Lazio and Umbria with peaks higher than 25% of Abruzzo. In Northern Italy, workers who exceed 25% are only in Trentino Alto Adige.  Women show a higher percentage than men: 52%.

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